This site includes three railways. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first, and is still the most outstanding, example of a hill passenger railway. Opened in 1881, its design applies bold and ingenious engineering solutions to the problem of establishing an effective rail link across a mountainous terrain of great beauty. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway in Tamil Nadu State was first proposed in 1854, but due to the difficulty of the mountainous location the work only started in 1891 and was completed in 1908. The Kalka Shimla Railway, a 96-km long, single track working rail link built in the mid-19th century to provide a service to the highland town of Shimla is emblematic of the technical and material efforts to disenclave mountain populations through the railway. All three railways are still fully operational.
Unesco WHS list ref: 944
I have never visited this site, but the short series that ran on the BBC showed some of the wonderful scenery and characters who work on these railways. Definitely worth watching if you can find on iPlayer!
From my collection
This card shows the Darjeeling-Himalayan train on the Ghoom loop – part of the North-East Frontier Division.
Cards to swap
No spare cards available from this site.