This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called ‘alla modernal’ bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.
Components include: the fortified cities of Bergamo, Korčula and Kotor, the defensive system of Zadar, and the city fortress of Palmanova,
Unesco WHS list ref: 1533
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