Paraty and Ilha Grande – Culture and Biodiversity

Brief description

Located between the Serra da Bocaina mountain range and the Atlantic Ocean, this cultural landscape includes the historic centre of Paraty, one of Brazil’s best-preserved coastal towns, as well as four protected natural areas of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, one of the world’s five key biodiversity hotspots. Paraty is home to an impressive diversity of species, some of which are threatened, such as the jaguar (Panthera onca), the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) and several primate species, including the woolly spider monkey (Brachyteles arachnoides), which are emblematic of the site.

In the late 17th century, Paraty was the end-point of the Caminho do Ouro (Gold Route), along which gold was shipped to Europe. Its port also served as an entry point for tools and African slaves, sent to work in the mines. A defence system was built to protect the wealth of the port and the town. The historic centre of Paraty has retained its 18th century plan and much of its colonial architecture dating from the 18th and early 19th centuries.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1308

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From my collection

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Historic Centre of São Luís

Brief description

The late 17th-century core of this historic town, founded by the French and occupied by the Dutch before coming under Portuguese rule, has preserved the original rectangular street plan in its entirety.

Unesco WHS list ref:  821

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From my collection

brasil-sao-luis-maranhao-rua-do-giz.web

Thanks to Rafael for this lovely card of Rua do Giz, in the historic centre.

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Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site

Brief description

Valongo Wharf Archaeological Site is located in central Rio de Janeiro and encompasses the entirety of Jornal do Comércio Square. It is in the former harbour area of Rio de Janeiro in which the old stone wharf was built for the landing of enslaved Africans reaching the South American continent from 1811 onwards. An estimated 900,000 Africans arrived in South America via Valongo. The physical site is composed of several archaeological layers, the lowest of which consists of floor pavings in pé de moleque style, attributed to the original Valongo Wharf. It is the most important physical trace of the arrival of African slaves on the American continent.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1548

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From my collection

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Pampulha Modern Ensemble

Brief description

The Pampulha Modern Ensemble was the centre of a visionary garden city project created in 1940 at Belo Horizonte, the capital of Minas Gerais State. Designed around an artificial lake, this cultural and leisure centre included a casino, a ballroom, the Golf Yacht Club and the São Francisco de Assis church. The buildings were designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, in collaboration with innovative artists. The Ensemble comprises bold forms that exploit the plastic potential of concrete, while fusing architecture, landscape design, sculpture and painting into a harmonious whole.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1493

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From my collection

Thanks to Marta from Portugal for this card

brazil-minas-gerais-museu-de-arte.web

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Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea

Brief description

The site consists of an exceptional urban setting encompassing the key natural elements that have shaped and inspired the development of the city: from the highest points of the Tijuca National Park’s mountains down to the sea. They also include the Botanical Gardens, established in 1808, Corcovado Mountain with its celebrated statue of Christ, and the hills around Guanabara Bay, including the extensive designed landscapes along Copacabana Bay which have contributed to the outdoor living culture of this spectacular city.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1100

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From my collection

Brazil-Rio-redemeer-sugarloaf-2

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Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves

Brief description

The Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves, in the states of Bahia and Espírito Santo, consist of eight separate protected areas containing 112,000 ha of Atlantic forest.

Unesco WHS list ref:  892

I’ve never visited Brazil.

From my collection

Trying to work out which (if any) of my cards of Amazon rainforest sites might represent this site…..

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Central Amazon Conservation Complex

Brief description

The Central Amazon Conservation Complex makes up the largest protected area in the Amazon Basin (over 6 million hectares) and is one of the planet’s richest regions in terms of biodiversity.

Unesco WHS list ref:  998

I’ve never visited Brazil.

From my collection

anilhavavas

Anavilhanas National Park

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