High Coast / Kvarken Archipelago

Brief description

The Kvarken Archipelago (Finland) and the High Coast (Sweden) are situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, a northern extension of the Baltic Sea. The 5,600 islands of the Kvarken Archipelago feature unusual ridged washboard moraines, ‘De Geer moraines’, formed by the melting of the continental ice sheet, 10,000 to 24,000 years ago. The Archipelago is continuously rising from the sea in a process of rapid glacio-isostatic uplift, whereby the land, previously weighed down under the weight of a glacier, lifts at rates that are among the highest in the world. As a consequence islands appear and unite, peninsulas expand, and lakes evolve from bays and develop into marshes and peat fens.

Unesco WHS list ref:  898

I have never been to this region.

From my collection

sweden-high-coast-kvarken-archjpg

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Petäjävesi Old Church

Brief description

Petäjävesi Old Church, in central Finland, was built of logs between 1763 and 1765. This Lutheran country church is a typical example of an architectural tradition that is unique to eastern Scandinavia. It combines the Renaissance conception of a centrally planned church with older forms deriving from Gothic groin vaults.

Unesco WHS list ref:  584

I have never been to this Finnish site.

From my collection

petjavesi

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Fortress of Suomenlinna

Brief description

Built in the second half of the 18th century by Sweden on a group of islands located at the entrance of Helsinki’s harbour, this fortress is an especially interesting example of European military architecture of the time.

Unesco WHS list ref: 583

I visited this fortress during a conference held in Helsinki.
5089147369_1d8c5b60ba_z

From my collection

suomenlina

Cards to swap

suomenlinna2-finland
Suomenlinna 1

suomenlinna-helsinki-finland

Suomenlinna 2

Old Rauma

Brief description

Situated on the Gulf of Botnia, Rauma is one of the oldest harbours in Finland. Built around a Franciscan monastery, where the mid-15th-century Holy Cross Church still stands, it is an outstanding example of an old Nordic city constructed in wood.

Unesco WHS list ref:  582

I have never been to this Finnish site.

From my collection

rauma

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Struve Geodetic Arc

Brief description

The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian.

Unesco WHS list ref: 1187

I’ve never seen any of these sites.

From my collection

estonia-struve

Estonia – the observatory in Tartu (the top section of this card)

Cards to swap

No cards available from this site.

Bronze Age Burial Site of Sammallahdenmäki

Brief description

This Bronze Age burial site features more than 30 granite burial cairns, providing a unique insight into the funerary practices and social and religious structures of northern Europe more than three millennia ago.

Unesco WHS list ref:  579

I have never visited this Finnish site.

From my collection

stoneburial-finland

Cards to swap

I also have spare copies of the card above to swap.

Verla Groundwood and Board Mill

Brief description

The Verla groundwood and board mill and its associated residential area is an outstanding, remarkably well-preserved example of the small-scale rural industrial settlements associated with pulp, paper and board production that flourished in northern Europe and North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

Unesco WHS list ref:  751

I have never been to this Finnish site.

From my collection

verla-finland

Cards to swap

I also have a spare copy of the card above available to swap