Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar

Brief description

This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called ‘alla modernal’ bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.

Components include: the fortified cities of Bergamo, Korčula and Kotor, the defensive system of Zadar, and the city fortress of Palmanova,

Unesco WHS list ref:  1533

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Stećci Medieval Tombstones Graveyards

Brief description

This serial property combines 30 sites, representing these cemeteries and regionally distinctive medieval tombstones, or stećci. The cemeteries, which date from the 12th to 16th centuries CE, are laid out in rows, as was the common custom in Europe from the Middle Ages. The stećci are mostly carved from limestone. They feature a wide range of decorative motifs and inscriptions that represent iconographic continuities within medieval Europe as well as locally distinctive traditions.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1504

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Durmitor National Park

Brief description

This breathtaking national park was formed by glaciers and is traversed by rivers and underground streams. Along the Tara river canyon, which has the deepest gorges in Europe, the dense pine forests are interspersed with clear lakes and harbour a wide range of endemic flora.

Unesco WHS list ref:  100

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Natural and Culturo-Historical Region of Kotor

Brief description

In the Middle Ages, this natural harbour on the Adriatic coast in Montenegro was an important artistic and commercial centre with its own famous schools of masonry and iconography. A large number of the monuments (including four Romanesque churches and the town walls) were seriously damaged by the 1979 earthquake but the town has been restored, largely with UNESCO’s help.

Unesco WHS list ref:  125

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montenegro-kotor

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