Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries: Stato da Terra – western Stato da Mar

Brief description

This property consists of 15 components of defence works in Italy, Croatia and Montenegro, spanning more than 1,000 kilometres between the Lombard region of Italy and the eastern Adriatic Coast. The fortifications throughout the Stato da Terraprotected the Republic of Venice from other European powers to the northwest and those of the Stato da Mar protected the sea routes and ports in the Adriatic Sea to the Levant. They were necessary to support the expansion and authority of the Serenissima. The introduction of gunpowder led to significant shifts in military techniques and architecture that are reflected in the design of so-called ‘alla modernal’ bastioned, fortifications, which were to spread throughout Europe.

Components include: the fortified cities of Bergamo, Korčula and Kotor, the defensive system of Zadar, and the city fortress of Palmanova,

Unesco WHS list ref:  1533

I have not yet visited any parts of this site.

From my collection

I  have cards to represent this site – scans to follow.

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Advertisements

Citadel of the Ho Dynasty

Brief description

The 14th -century Ho Dynasty citadel, built according to the feng shui principles, testifies to the flowering of neo-Confucianism in late 14th century Viet Nam and its spread to other parts of east Asia. According to these principles it was sited in a landscape of great scenic beauty on an axis joining the Tuong Son and Don Son mountains in a plain between the Ma and Buoi rivers. The citadel buildings represent an outstanding example of a new style of south-east Asian imperial city.

Unesco WHS list ref: 1358

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

I don’t have any cards to represent this site yet.

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long – Hanoi

Brief description

The Citadel was built in the 11th century by the Ly Viet Dynasty, marking the independence of the Dai Viet. It was constructed on the remains of a Chinese fortress dating from the 7th century, on drained land reclaimed from the Red River Delta in Hanoi. It was the centre of regional political power for almost 13 centuries without interruption. The Imperial Citadel buildings and the remains in the 18 Hoang Dieu Archaeological Site reflect a unique South-East Asian culture specific to the lower Red River Valley, at the crossroads between influences coming from China in the north and the ancient Kingdom of Champa in the south.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1328

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

I don’t have any cards to represent this site yet.

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

La Fortaleza and San Juan National Historic Site in Puerto Rico

Brief description

Between the 15th and 19th centuries, a series of defensive structures was built at this strategic point in the Caribbean Sea to protect the city and the Bay of San Juan. They represent a fine display of European military architecture adapted to harbour sites on the American continent.

Unesco WHS list ref: 266

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

puerto-rico-san-juan-san-felipe-del-morro

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Parthian Fortresses of Nisa

Brief description

The site consists of two tells of Old and New Nisa, indicating the site of one of the earliest and most important cities of the Parthian Empire, a major power from the mid 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD. They conserve the unexcavated remains of an ancient civilisation which skilfully combined its own traditional cultural elements with those of the Hellenistic and Roman west. Archaeological excavations in two parts of the site have revealed richly decorated architecture, illustrative of domestic, state and religious functions.

Unesco WHS list ref: 1242

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

I don’t have any cards to represent this site yet.

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape

Brief description

The fortified city of Diyarbakır and the landscape around has been an important centre since the Hellenistic period, through the Roman, Sassanid, Byzantine, Islamic and Ottoman times to the present. The site encompasses the Inner castle, known as İçkale and including the Amida Mound, and the 5.8 km-long city walls of Diyarbakır with their numerous towers, gates, buttresses, and 63 inscriptions. The site also includes the Hevsel Gardens, a green link between the city and the Tigris that supplied the city with food and water, the Anzele water source and the Ten-Eyed Bridge.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1488

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

I don’t have any cards to represent this site yet.

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.

Crac des Chevaliers and Qal’at Salah El-Din

Brief description

These two castles represent the most significant examples illustrating the exchange of influences and documenting the evolution of fortified architecture in the Near East during the time of the Crusades (11th – 13th centuries). The Crac des Chevaliers was built by the Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem from 1142 to 1271. With further construction by the Mamluks in the late 13th century, it ranks among the best-preserved examples of the Crusader castles. The Qal’at Salah El-Din (Fortress of Saladin), even though partly in ruins, represents an outstanding example of this type of fortification, both in terms of the quality of construction and the survival of historical stratigraphy.

Unesco WHS list ref:  1229

I have never visited this site.

From my collection

syria-homs-crac-des-chevaliers

Cards to swap

No spare cards available from this site.